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Violet, Purple, and Magenta

plate 18a
Plate 18a. A Group of Lavender-Blue Flowers
1. Syringa Ambassadeur5. Iris germanica Sunny Ruffles
2. Paeonia Festiva maxima6. Polemonium reptans
3. Syringa Clarkes Giant7. Viola cornuta Catherine Sharp
4. Iris germanica Buechleys Giant 

These hues lie between blue and red and are most difficult to use effectively. Long considered symbols of loyalty, they bring dignity to the garden. Those nearer blue than red can be used with other blues and to many they will appear blue. Those hues nearer red should be grouped together or with their own tints and shades. True violet and true purple are often difficult to use in the mixed border. They are best alone, with plenty of yellow or leaf-green foliage rather than with dark or blue-green foliage. They can be contrasted with white or yellow of equal chroma. (Plate 18a.)

Much-maligned magenta belongs in this color group. But do not let prejudice or faulty nomenclature lead you astray. Magenta, its tints and shades, have wide latitude. Almost any blue-red flower is dubbed by some magenta and then "off with its head." The true hue rarely appears in the flower world and is not half bad when correctly used. Often blue-reds are sold as true rose or rose-pink and the disappointment makes us dislike the color, regardless of its real beauty.

plate 18b
Plate 18b. A Composition with Lavender-Blue as Dominant Color
1. Paeonia suffruticosa Reine de Violette 7. Hemerocallis Hyperion
2. Delphinium King Arthur Series 8. Ageratum Blue Perfection
3. Iris germanica Queen Catherine 9. Aster Pacific Amaranth
4. Campanula persicifolia grandiflora10. Oenothera fruticosa youngi
5. Phlox Widar11. Buddleia Purple Prince
6. Phlox Starlight  

Blue-reds should be grouped with their own tints and shades, or be combined with creamy white, pale rose, soft yellow, and an abundance of green foliage. They are good in semi-shade where the red retreats and the blue comes forward.

The lavenders are tints of blue-violet bearing the same relationship to this color as pink to red. They are important to many color schemes and belong in this group. The lavenders, especially those called lilac, are stronger when used with white, and generally combine well with palest yellow and pale rose-pink. (Plate 18b.)

VIOLET, PURPLE, AND MAGENTA FLOWERS

SPRING

Low:

Ajuga reptans rubra
Anemone pulsatilla rubra
Aquilegia glandulosa
Armeria laucheana
Aubretia Trumpet (eryi)
Iris pumila atroviolacea
Lieut. Chavangnac
Nepeta mussini
Phlox divaricata canadensis
Tradescantia Purple Dome
Viola cornuta Admiration
Jersey Jem
Purple Glory

Medium:

Aster subcoeruleus Wartburg Star
Iris germanica Elmohr
Ormohr
Sheriffa
Iris pallida
Paeonia suffruticosa (moutan) Reine de Violettes
Souvenir de Ducher

Bulbs:

Cammasia esculenta
Crocus etruscus
tommasinianus Whitewell Purple
Crocus vernus Excelsior
purpurea grandiflora
Remembrance
The Sultan
Tulip Denver
Elissa Landi
Hummingbird
Kennard
Scotch Lassie
The Bishop

Shrubs:

Azalea obtusa amoena
Cercis canadensis
Daphne mezereum
Syringa vulgaris Alice Eastwood
Etna
General Pershing
Hugo de Vries
Missimo

SUMMER

Low:

Aster Pacific Amaranth
Aster Purple Feather
Chrysanthemum Cody
Lychnis coelirosa (Agrostemma)

Medium:

Aster frikarti Wonder of Staffa
Betonica (see Stachys)
Campanula latifolia macrantha
Centaurea dealbata
Echinacea purpurea
Hesperis matronalis violacea
Hosta sieboldiana
Iris kaempferi Eleanor Perry
Koko-No-Iro
Lucia Marshall
Purple and Gold
T. S. Ware
Liatris pycnostachya magnifica
Lychnis coelirosea (Agrostemma)
viscaria. Double Rosepink
Lythrum salicaria
superbum The Beacon
Monarda didyma Blaze
Penstemon ovatus
Phlox paniculata Blue Boy
Chesapeake
Starlight
Widar
Salvia sclarea Vatican
Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House hybrids
Sidalcea Rosy Queen
Stachys grandiflora
Thalictrum dipterocarpum

Tall:

Delphinium hybrids King Arthur series
Digitalis purpurea gloxinia
Epilobium angustifolia
Filipendula rubra venusta
Lilium martagon
Phlox paniculata B. Comte
Caroline Vandenberg
Dr. Klemm
Ethel Pritchard
Purple Heart
Rosy Blue
Spirea (see Filipendula)
Thalictrum aquilegifolium

Shrubs:

Amorpha fruticosa
Buddleia davidi Flaming Violet
Fortune
Purple Prince
Hibiscus syriacus violacea
Lespedeza thunbergi (formosa)
Syringa josikaea Henri Lutece

FALL

Low:

Aster Lilac Time
Mauve Cushion
Ronald
Chrysanthemum Emu
Pheasant

Medium:

Anemone hupehensis
Aster Princess Margaret
Chrysanthemum Burgundy
Chippewa
Generalissimo

Tall:

Aconitum wilsoni
Aster Peace
Chrysanthemum Lavender Cactus
Lavender Lady
Lavender Lassie
Liatris scariosa September Glory

Shrubs:

Elsholtzia stauntoni
 

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